Research Group:  



Wed May 15, 2024 (1403/2/26)


May 15


Investigation of the Heisenberg's Uncertainty Principle and the Entropy Uncertainty Relation

Abstract:Quantum mechanics provided precise and accurate explanations for the experiments conducted at the end of the 19th century. This led to the rapid development of quantum mechanics between 1905 and 1923, capturing the scientific community's attention. At the Solvay Conference in 1927, Werner Heisenberg, a leading figure of the Copenhagen interpretation, presented the uncertainty principle within quantum mechanics. In this lecture, we will explore the significance of Heisenberg's uncertainty principle, discuss a fundamental problem in its original formulation, and introduce the entropy uncertainty relation as an alternative. Furthermore, we will investigate into quantum entanglement and quantum discord, highlighting their crucial roles in precisely determining entropy uncertainty relation.
Lecturer(s): Shahriar Salimi
From : University of Kurdistan
Research Group: Physics Colloquium
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Tue May 07, 2024 (1403/2/18)


May 07


Flat Connections from Irregular Conformal Blocks

Abstract:I will talk about Liouville conformal blocks with degenerate primaries and one operator in an irregular representation of the Virasoro algebra. Using an algebraic approach, we derive modified BPZ equations satisfied by such blocks and subsequently construct corresponding integral representations based on integration over non-compact Lefschetz cycles. The integral representations are then used to derive novel types of flat connections on the irregular conformal block bundle.
Lecturer(s): Babak Haghighat
From : Tsinghua University
Research Group: HEPCO Group Weekly Seminar
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Tue Apr 23, 2024 (1403/2/4)


Apr 23


General Quantum Mechanics; a program for the resolution of the main issues in quantum theory, as a reconciliation of classical mechanics over phase space, general relativity and quantum mechanics.

Abstract:General relativity is over the configuration space and is a Lagrangian mechanics. While quantum mechanics is quantization of classical mechanics over phase space which is a Hamiltonian mechanics. Thus it is difficult to reconciliate these two theories. Therefore, we first reestablish general relativity over phase space of spacetime and then combine it with quantum mechanics and the result is a new mechanics called general quantum mechanics. In general relativity, the acceleration of a test particle is defined relative to the metric of spacetime while in classical mechanics over phase space the metric has no role in the acceleration. Also in classical mechanics over phase space the measurement of a given observable has no role in the acceleration of a test particle unlike quantum mechanics which obeys Born rule which states that how the measurement makes an impact on the acceleration of the test particle. We reconciliate general relativity with classical mechanics over phase space and quantum mechanics by defining the acceleration of a test particle over phase space relative to the metric of phase space and also relative to a given observable. In general quantum mechanics, we have an equation for the collapse phenomenon which is the counterpart of geodesic equation in general relativity. The collapse equation is a nonlinear modification of the linear Schrödinger equation. We also have an equation for the metric of phase space which is the counterpart of the Einstein field equation and is obtained by the least action principle over an action functional which is similar to the Hilbert action for the Einstein field equation. Namely, the Lagrangian of the action is a new type of curvature different than the Riemann curvature. As a result, we have a proposal for the resolution of the measurement problem in quantum mechanics.
Lecturer(s): Seyed Ebrahim Akrami Sanzigh
From : Semnan University
Research Group: HEPCO Group Weekly Seminar
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Tue Apr 09, 2024 (1403/1/21)


Apr 09


Model Selection Approach and Tension Metrics in Cosmology

Abstract:Cosmology is a field that deals with a vast amount of data, and it is crucial to ensure consistency and measure the tension between data sets. Tension indicates either discordance between data sets or a problem with the underlying model. One of the most famous examples of tension in cosmology is the Hubble tension, which is a 3.5Ï? discrepancy between supernovae and CMB data in estimating the age of the Universe. While alternative models have been introduced to resolve this tension, it is necessary to use tension metrics to verify if these data sets are still discordant or in agreement even in alternative models. Furthermore, the existence of different models means that one has to choose the best model among competing models that fits observational data. Nested Sampling, a recent computational algorithm, enables us to perform a model selection approach alongside quantifying tension between different data sets. In this talk, we will discuss the tension metric and the model selection approach in cosmology.
Lecturer(s): Mohsen Khorasani
From : School of Physics, IPM
Research Group: HEPCO Group Weekly Seminar
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Tue Apr 02, 2024 (1403/1/14)


Apr 02


Anthropic Carbon Emission And the footprint of HEPCO researchers on Earth

Abstract:The atmospheric CO2 has reached unprecedented amounts and the impact of human activities on the current situation is undeniable. In this talk, I briefly explain the problem of atmospheric CO2 variation and introduce the main strategies to control our carbon footprint as a HEPCO researcher according to the Arxiv 2403.03308
Lecturer(s): Saeed Ansari Fard
From : School of Physics, IPM
Research Group: HEPCO Weekly Seminar Special Series
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Sat Mar 02, 2024 (1402/12/12)


Mar 02


Variational Quantum Algorithms: From Many-Body Simulation to Machine Learning Problems

Abstract:Near-term quantum simulators suffer from various imperfections. A key question is whether such noisy quantum devices can outperform classical computers. Several demonstrations for quantum advantage have been achieved for sampling problems in superconducting and optical platforms. While these proof of principle experiments show the superiority of quantum computers, they do not offer an immediate practical advantage due to the limited practicality of sampling problems. Variational quantum algorithms are the most promising approach for achieving practical quantum advantage. These algorithms benefit from a hybrid combination of quantum devices and classical optimizers. In this seminar, we show two distinct applications for such algorithms, namely: (i) quantum simulation of many-body systems; and (ii) machine learning problems. In the former, we show how symmetries can be harnessed in optimizing circuit design [1] and be implemented experimentally in superconducting quantum simulators [2]. For the latter, a novel error-mitigation algorithm is presented which significantly enhances the performance of variational quantum algorithms for supervised machine learning problems [3]. References: [1] Symmetry enhanced variational quantum eigensolver C. Lyu, X. Xu, M.-H. Yung, A. Bayat, Quantum 7, 899 (2023) [2] Multi-Level Variational Spectroscopy using a Programmable Quantum Simulator Z. Han, et. al., Phys. Rev. Research 6, 013015 (2024) [3] Ensemble-learning variational shallow-circuit quantum classifiers Q. Li, Y. Huang, X. Hou, Y. Li, X. Wang, A. Bayat, Phys. Rev. Research 6, 013027 (2024)
Lecturer(s): Abolfazl Bayat
From : University of Electronic Science and Technology of China
Research Group: QIS Biweekly Seminars
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Sat Feb 24, 2024 (1402/12/5)


Feb 24


Classical algorithm for simulating experimental Gaussian boson sampling

Abstract: Classical algorithm for simulating experimental Gaussian boson sampling Changhun Oh, Minzhao Liu, Yuri Alexeev, Bill Fefferman, and Liang Jiang
Lecturer(s): Fatemeh Tarighi Tabesh
From : School of Physics, IPM
Research Group: QIS Group Journal Club
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Tue Feb 20, 2024 (1402/12/1)


Feb 20


Late-time domain walls in cosmological simulations

Abstract:The study of domain walls and topological defects has a rich history in cosmology and they provide a wide range of novel phenomenology to experimentally test them. The motivations that they have been studied under include seeding the initial overdensities for structure formation, driving inflation, seeding a stochastic gravitational wave background like the one in NANOGrav, and providing the skeleton for the formation of larger structures than you would expect in LCDM. They have furthermore been linked to resolutions of some of the late-time cosmological tensions. I will in this talk present the asymmetron dark energy model, that exhibits late-time cosmological domain walls, and our implementation of it in the cosmological N-body code gevolution. I present some details on the domain walls' dynamics, their GW emission, their effect on clustering, and some observational signatures.
Lecturer(s): Ã?yvind Christiansen
From : Institute for Theoretical Astrophysics (ITA), University of Oslo (UiO)
Research Group: HEPCO Group Weekly Seminar
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Sat Feb 17, 2024 (1402/11/28)


Feb 17


How fast can a quantum system evolve?

Abstract:Quantum mechanics imposes many limitations, the most famous one is the Heisenberg uncertainty relation, i.e. the limitation on the precision with which certain pairs of physical properties such as position and momentum can be simultaneously known. Other fundamental limitation is the quantum speed limit which imposes a fundamental bound on how fast can a quantum state change with time. In this talk, I will address this question and present a framework to obtain the optimal speed of a d-dimensional system evolved unitarily under a time-independent Hamiltonian. As the quantum resources could cause speed up quantum evolution leading to a smaller quantum speed limit, I will also discuss the effects of quantum coherence and quantum entanglement on the maximum speed of dynamical evolution.
Lecturer(s): Seyed Javad Akhtarshenas
From : Ferdowsi University of Mashhad
Research Group: QIS Biweekly Seminars
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Tue Feb 06, 2024 (1402/11/17)


Feb 06


Near horizon limit of the near extremal Reissner-Nordstrom black holes in 4 dimensions and the SYK model

Abstract:In this talk we first review the near horizon limit of charged black holes at very low temperature in four dimensions, called the Jackiw-Teitelboim (JT) gravity. In the resulting theory, the dynamical degrees of freedom are located on the boundary and are described by the Schwarzian action. Next, we review the Sachdev-Ye-Kitaev (SYK) model as a UV theory whose IR dynamics effectively render the same ``gravitational'' action. We then argue that this correspondence must be extended to higher dimensions.
Lecturer(s): Pouria Dadras
From : California Institute of Technology
Research Group: HEPCO Group Weekly Seminar
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